I’ve been studying Scientific American since I used to be in highschool. I’m now 90 years outdated and a longtime subscriber. The February 2022 issue is among the richest ever. I simply handed it to my daughter, the mom of a 13-year-old, to learn the articles on instructing youngsters to identify disinformation in media [“Schooled in Lies,” by Melinda Wenner Moyer] and on how individuals usually (wrongly) bounce to conclusions [“Leaps of Confusion,” by Carmen Sanchez and David Dunning]. I learn with enjoyment the articles on new analysis on the abilities of Neandertals [“Neandertals Like Us,” by David W. Frayer and Davorka Radovčić] and the way the promise of technological progress can conceal main prices and risks [“Breaking the Techno-Promise,” by Naomi Oreskes; Observatory]. And I ordered two books you reviewed in Recommended.
MARION BUHAGIAR White River Junction, Vt.
SOURCES OF CONFUSION
“Schooled in Lies,” Melinda Wenner Moyer’s article about instructing schoolkids to tell apart amongst completely different varieties of knowledge to guard them from disinformation, covers a subject that’s expensive to my coronary heart, though one for which I’ve little hope. As a part of my highschool chemistry class, I had college students do a undertaking on the protection of the factitious sweetener aspartame. I got here to understand two issues: The primary is that assessing the validity of major info on many subjects is past most individuals’s capabilities. As a Ph.D. biochemist, I might be able to accomplish that greater than some others, however there are a lot of subjects that I’m unqualified to investigate. The second is that we should due to this fact select a supply whose evaluation we settle for. Consequently, I added an element to the project asking why the scholars selected to simply accept, to belief, one supply or one other.
I noticed that a lot of my stronger college students selected to simply accept institutional sources, such because the American Most cancers Society or the Meals and Drug Administration, whereas a lot of my weaker college students selected to simply accept extra private sources and tales. I want I had extra systematically collected the information, however these observations led me to hypothesize that those that prosper inside a system have a tendency to simply accept the system as reliable. Those that don’t prosper so nicely are usually extra skeptical of the system, as a substitute selecting to simply accept their very own experiences or these of others identified to them.
The article quotes journalism and media research researcher Seth Ashley as noting “that the world is messy, and that is okay,” however that can also be what makes our selection of whose perspective to belief so difficult. There’ll at all times be motive to query one supply or one other. Possibly the very best we will do is get to the purpose the place college students acknowledge the mess and, due to that, acknowledge that they might be mistaken.
RUSSELL KOHNKEN Skokie, Sick.
Concerning Naomi Oreskes’s assertion that nuclear power can not assist our local weather disaster in “Breaking the Techno-Promise” [Observatory], I agree that nuclear vegetation haven’t lived as much as their promise up to now. As she notes, they take too lengthy to construct and convey on-line and are too costly. They usually lead to excessive electrical energy prices. However I’m shocked on the pessimism, given the pressing have to do one thing. New nuclear applied sciences are evolving, corresponding to a number of smaller modular vegetation that do not take so lengthy to construct. Renewables are important however won’t ever be sufficient to interchange fossil fuels. Nuclear fusion is simply too costly and much away. We want the political will to place a value on carbon and construct smaller and safer reactors. Giving up isn’t an choice.
STEVE MUELLER Colorado Springs, Colo.
Despite the fact that it is long run, nuclear power growth must be a excessive precedence. As a retired engineer, I perceive the intensive effort required for the completion of environment friendly, economical nuclear electrical energy stations. Expertise enhancements, growth engineering and building time have to be deliberate for and underway now.
For the quick time period, we should use the sustainable know-how of wind and photovoltaic farms and remove fossil-fuel subsidies. Additionally, let’s add a federal tax on gasoline and scale back the dependence on transportation through Eisenhower-era highways with extra use of our mass-transit programs.
DON FINAN, SR. Palos Park, Sick.
Studying Adam Becker’s riveting article on “The Origins of Space and Time” jogged my memory of once I was a highschool pupil in Los Angeles in 1965 and examine two college students on the College of California, Los Angeles, who had been challenged by their science professor to plot a principle on time and house, full with an instance.
The 2 college students took folding chairs to a road in close by downtown Westwood, Calif., and sat in a vacant parking house for an hour after depositing the required cash in a parking meter. They subsequently wrote a report back to their professor on what they’d completed, concluding, “As a way to occupy house, you need to first have time.”
DOUG WEISKOPF Burbank, Calif.
THE FIX IS IN
I used to be glad to learn “Freedom to Tinker” [Forum], Kyle Wiens’s informative opinion piece on how Congress ought to uphold the precise to restore digital gadgets. Readers excited about getting concerned with hands-on proper to restore is likely to be excited about trying out their native Fixit Clinic (https://fixitclinic.blogspot.com) or Restore Café (https://repaircafe.org). There are a lot of such organizations world wide with devoted volunteer restore coaches serving to others discover ways to repair their damaged stuff. And over the previous couple of years these clinics have been taking place just about, with international individuals partaking in enjoyable and informative restore actions. We attempt our greatest to work collectively to diagnose and restore home equipment, electronics, and so forth however are involved about producers making this tougher, if not unattainable or unlawful.
Boulder U-Repair-It Clinic, Boulder, Colo.
TRUTH IN LABELING
“Inside America’s Militias,” by Amy Cooter [January 2022], is chilling. The media and teachers should cease calling these teams “militias.” It offers them a legitimacy that they don’t have and reinforces their irrational perception that they’re the present-day equal of the militias that helped win the Revolutionary Warfare. A extra apt label can be “closely armed political vigilante teams.” Labels are vital.
TERRENCE DUNN Vancouver, Wash.
In “Smartphone Patrol,” by Annie Sneed [Advances; December 2021], a lot is made concerning the significance of the Amazon rain forest, which serves as a diminishing however essential carbon sink and a supplier of life-giving oxygen. Much less consideration, nonetheless, is paid to a different forested area on our planet: the boreal forests in northern latitudes stretching throughout a number of areas of North America, Russia and Scandinavia.
When it comes to sequestering carbon dioxide and contributing oxygen to our ambiance, these boreal forests are as equally vital because the tropical forests at decrease latitudes. It ought to due to this fact be an equal precedence to rigorously monitor actions corresponding to logging, clearing land for agriculture, street constructing and particularly mining in these areas, which are sometimes uncared for in discussions about international warming.
BARRY MALETZKY Portland, Ore.